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Election Commission Announces Dates For Assembly Polls In 5 States

Election Commission Announces Dates For Assembly Polls In 5 States

Election Commission (EC) has announced the schedule for the forthcoming Assembly elections in four States and one Union Territory. The States are Kerala, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Assam and Puducherry(U.T.). Election in West Bengal will be held in 6 phases in which the polling for 1st phase will take place on 4th and 11th April. Polling for the second phase will be held on 17th April, third phase on 21st April, fourth on 25th, Fifth on 30th April and sixth phase on 5th of May.

Assam will go to poll in two phases on 4th and 11th of April. Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Puducherry will go to poll in a single phase on 16th May. The Counting for all Assembly Constituencies in all five States will be held on 19th of May.

Detailed analysis of Election Schedule

1) West Bengal

Voters: 6.55 crore

Polling booths: 77247

Constituencies: 294

Phases: 6

Phase 1: 18 seats (Apr 4), 31 seats (Apr 11)

Phase 2: 56 seats (Apr 17)

Phase 3: 62 seats (Apr 21)

Phase 4: 49 seats (Apr 25)

Phase 5: 53 seats (Apr 30)

Phase 6: 25 seats (May 5)

2) Assam

Constituencies: 126

Voters: 1.98 crore

Polling booths: 25000

Phases: 2

Phase 1: 65 seats, April 4

Phase 2: 61 seats, April 11

3) Tamil Nadu

Voters: 5.8 crore

Polling booths: 65616

Constituencies: 234

Phase: One

Poll date: May 16

4) Kerala

Voters: 2.56 crore

Polling booths: 21498

Constituencies: 140

Phase: One

Poll date: May 16

5) Puducherry

Voters: 9,27,000

Polling booth: 913

Constituencies: 30

Phase: One

Dates: May 16

Constitutional Provisions regarding EC

  • Under Article 324(1) of the Constitution of India, the Election Commission of India,  is vested with the power of superintendence, direction and control of conducting the elections to the offices of the President and Vice-President of India. Detailed provisions are made under the Presidential and Vice Presidential Elections Act, 1952 and the rules made thereunder.
  • The same Article also vests in the Commission the powers of superintendence, direction and control of the elections to both Houses of Parliament. Detailed provisions are made under the Representation of the People Act, 1951 and the rules made thereunder.

Election Commssion was not a multi member body from the beginning. It was a single  member body when it was first set up in 1950 and up to 15th October, 1989 with only the Chief Election Commissioner. From 16th October, 1989 upto the 1st January, 1990, it became a three-member body. From 2nd January, 1990 to 30th September, 1993, it was a single-member Commission and again from 1st October, 1993 it has become a three-member Commission.

  • The State Election Commissions constituted under the Constitution (Seventy-third and Seventy-fourth) Amendments Act, 1992 for each State / Union Territory are vested with the powers of conduct of elections to the Corporations, Muncipalities, Zilla Parishads, District Panchayats, Panchayat Samitis, Gram Panchayats and other local bodies. They are independent of the Election Commission of India.
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